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Type: Artigo
Title: Presynaptic proteins as markers of the neurotoxic activity of bmjeTX-I and bmjeTX-II toxins from Bothrops marajoensis (Marajó lancehead) snake venom
Author: Lisboa, Antonio
Melaré, Rodolfo
Franco, Junia R. B.
Bis, Carolina V.
Gracia, Marta
Ponce-Soto, Luis A.
Marangoni, Sérgio
Simioni, Léa Rodrigues
Cruz-Höfling, Maria Alice da
Rocha, Thalita
Abstract: Neuromuscular preparations exposed to B. marajoensis venom show increases in the frequency of miniature end-plate potentials and twitch tension facilitation followed by presynaptic neuromuscular paralysis, without evidences of muscle damage. Considering that presynaptic toxins interfere into the machinery involved in neurotransmitter release (synaptophysin, synaptobrevin, and SNAP25 proteins), the main objective of this communication is to analyze, by immunofluorescence and western blotting, the expression of the synaptic proteins, synaptophysin, synaptobrevin, and SNAP25 and by myography, light, and transmission electron microscopy the pathology of motor nerve terminals and skeletal muscle fibres of chick biventer cervicis preparations (CBC) exposed in vitro to BmjeTX-I and BmjeTX-II toxins from B. marajoensis venom. CBC incubated with toxins showed irreversible twitch tension blockade and unaffected KCl- and ACh-evoked contractures, and the positive colabelling of acetylcholine receptors confirmed that their action was primarily at the motor nerve terminal. Hypercontraction and loose myofilaments and synaptic vesicle depletion and motor nerve damage indicated that the toxins displayed both myotoxic and neurotoxic effect. The blockade resulted from interference on synaptophysin, synaptobrevin, and SNAP25 proteins leading to the conclusion that BmjeTX-I and BmjeTX-II affected neurotransmitter release machinery by preventing the docking of synaptic vesicles to the axolemma of the nerve terminal.
Subject: Proteínas
Venenos de serpentes
Country: Reino Unido
Editor: Hindawi
Rights: Fechado
Identifier DOI: 10.1155/2016/2053459
Date Issue: 2016
Appears in Collections:IB - Artigos e Outros Documentos
FCM - Artigos e Outros Documentos

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