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|Title:||Ammonium nitrogen increases Ca uptake from non-exchangeable reservoirs by eucalypt plants|
|Author:||Santos, Mateus Alves dos|
Valadares, Rafael Vasconcelos
Neves, Júlio César Lima
Silva, Ivo Ribeiro da
Tótola, Marcos Rogério
Costa, Maurício Dutra
|Abstract:||Eucalypt plants can take up calcium (Ca) from soils with nondetectable levels of exchangeable Ca2+. This suggests the operation of unknown processes capable of rendering non-exchangeable forms of the nutrient available to eucalypts. An explanatory hypothesis for this phenomenon is that soil acidification by ammonium can release Ca from Ca-oxalate and soil minerals. Therefore, the objective of this work was to study the interactions between Ca-oxalate and ammonium on Ca and N nutrition of a Eucalyptus grandis × Eucalyptus urophylla hybrid (Eucalyptus urograndis) in a soil with nondetectable exchangeable Ca2+. For this, E. urograndis seedlings (clone AEC 144) were grown in pots with soil fertilized with the combination of five Ca doses (0, 0.10, 0.20, 0.40, and 0.80 cmolc/kg) as Ca-oxalate, and five N doses (0, 25, 50, 100, and 200 mg/kg) as NH4Cl. The experiment was conducted in a greenhouse for 60 days. Two additional experiments were conducted to verify the stability of Ca-oxalate at different doses in the soil along an incubation time of 60 days and at different soil pH. E. urograndis dry matter production and Ca and N uptake were highly dependent on ammonium applied to the soil, but only slightly influenced by Ca-oxalate. When no Ca-oxalate was added, Ca from a non-exchangeable source was transferred to E. urograndis. This transfer increased with increasing ammonium supply, stabilizing at the highest N dose applied. Ca-oxalate solubilization in the soil without E. urograndis plants ranged from 62 to 94% after 60 days of soil incubation and the release of Ca from Ca-oxalate did not change as a function of pH. In general, the release of Ca from Ca-oxalate presented two behaviors: pH-independent (trial without plants) and pH/NH4+-dependent (trial with plants). This is the first report demonstrating that ammonium lead to the mobilization of non-exchangeable Ca reservoirs by E. urograndis plants cultivated in a soil with no exchangeable Ca|
|Appears in Collections:||FEAGRI - Artigos e Outros Documentos|
IB - Artigos e Outros Documentos
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