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|Title:||A novel In−Situ radiation damage diagnostic system for undulators|
|Author:||Baader, Johann E.|
Anderson, Scott D.
Wolf, Zachary R.
|Abstract:||Radiation damage has been a known problem at many synchrotron radiations and free-electron lasers facilities, especially those that use hybrid or pure permanent magnet undulators to produce high brightness light. Field strength loss due to demagnetization makes it necessary to remove the insertion device from the tunnel for inspection and repair, which brings several inconveniences. We aimed to develop an in situ radiation damage detection system for undulators capable of diagnosing relative field changes of 10 -4 (100 ppm) or smaller. The system measures the flux change in a flexible printed circuit board coil attached to the undulator magnet array by periodically measuring the integral flux change during the opening and closing of the undulator gap. If the magnet block damage occurs, the signal from the coil will decrease proportionally to the damage. First tests performed on variable gap hybrid undulators for the Linac Coherent Light Source II (LCLS-II) at SLAC National Accelerator Laboratory showed that the system is capable of measuring flux changes with a relative precision of approximately 0.7 × 10 -4 over several days. Relative field changes smaller than 10 -4 were detected in short-term measurements. The novel system that we propose here opens the possibility of detecting radiation damage in undulators during operation|
|Editor:||Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers|
|Appears in Collections:||FEEC - Artigos e Outros Documentos|
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