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|Title:||A novel de novo heterozygous ALPL nonsense mutation associated with adult hypophosphatasia|
Santos, E.L. dos
Almeida, A.B. de
Nociti Jr, F.H.
|Abstract:||Using genetic, clinical, biochemical, and radiographic assessment and bioinformatic approaches, we present an unusual case of adult HPP caused by a novel de novo heterozygous nonsense mutation in the alkaline phosphatase (ALPL).Hypophosphatasia (HPP) is caused by genetic alterations of the ALPL gene, encoding the tissue-nonspecific isozyme of alkaline phosphatase (TNSALP). Here, the purpose was to perform clinical and molecular investigation in a 36-year-old Caucasian woman suspected to present adult HPP. Medical and dental histories were obtained for the proposita and family members, including biochemical, radiographic, and dental assessments. ALPL mutational analysis was performed by the Sanger sequencing method, and the functional impact prediction of the identified mutations was assessed by bioinformatic methods. We identified a novel heterozygous nonsense mutation in the ALPL gene (NM_000478.6:c.768G>A; W[TGG]>*[TGA]) associated with spontaneous vertebral fracture, severe back pain, musculoskeletal pain, low bone density, and short-rooted permanent teeth loss. Functional prediction analysis revealed that the Trp256Ter mutation led to a complete loss of TNSALP crown domain and extensive loss of other functional domains (calcium-binding domain, active site vicinity, and zinc-binding site) and over 60% loss of homodimer interface residues, suggesting that the mutant TNSALP molecules are nonfunctional and form unstable homodimers. Genotyping of the ALPL in the proposita’s parents, sister, and niece revealed that in this case, HPP occurred due to a de novo mutation. The present study describes a novel genotype-phenotype and structure-function relationship for HPP, contributing to a better molecular comprehension of HPP etiology and pathophysiology|
|Appears in Collections:||FOP - Artigos e Outros Documentos|
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