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|Title:||Discriminating Brazilian crude oils using comprehensive two-dimensional gas chromatography–mass spectrometry and multiway principal component analysis|
|Author:||Prata, Paloma S.|
Alexandrino, Guilherme L.
Mogollon, Noroska Gabriela S.
|Abstract:||The geochemical characterization of petroleum is an essential task to develop new strategies and technologies when analyzing the commercial potential of crude oils for exploitation. Due to the chemical complexity of these samples, the use of modern analytical techniques along with multivariate exploratory data analysis approaches is an interesting strategy to extract relevant geochemical characteristics about the oils. In this work, important geochemical information obtained from crude oils from different production basins were obtained analyzing the maltene fraction of the oils by comprehensive two-dimensional gas chromatography coupled to quadrupole mass spectrometry (GC x GC-QMS), and performing multiway principal component analysis (MPCA) of the chromatographic data. The results showed that four MPC explained 93.57% of the data variance, expressing mainly the differences on the profiles of the saturated hydrocarbon fraction of the oils (C-13-C-18 and C-19-C-30 n-alkanes and the pristaneiphytane ratio). The MPC1 grouped the samples severely biodegraded oils, while the type of the depositional paleoenvironments of the oils and its oxidation conditions (as well as their thermal maturity) could be inferred analysing others relevant MPC. Additionally, considerations about the source of the oil samples was also possible based on the overall distribution of relevant biomarkers such as the phenanthrene derivatives, tri-, tetra- and pentacyclic terpanes|
|Subject:||Cromatografia a gás|
|Appears in Collections:||IQ - Artigos e Outros Documentos|
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