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|Title:||Comparison of two vasoconstrictors on glycemic levels in diabetic patients|
Amorim, Klinger Souza
Dantas, Anne Caroline Gercina Carvalho
Silva, Ricardo Pedro da
Araújo, Jaiza Samara Macena de
Groppo, Francisco Carlos
Souza, Liane Maciel Almeida
|Abstract:||The aim of this study was to evaluate glycemic levels in diabetic patients before, during, and after extractions using 2% lidocaine with 1:100,000 epinephrine (Lido/Epi) and 3% prilocaine with 0.03 IU/mL felypressin (Prilo/Fely). A double-blind, randomized clinical trial was conducted to evaluate changes in body parameters and glycemic levels in diabetic patients undergoing two anesthetic protocols during dental extractions. During surgery, we evaluated blood pressure (BP), heart rate (HR), saturation (SpO2), and capillary glycemic levels (Gly). These parameters were measured at the following surgical moments: basal, 30 min after medication, incision, tooth removal, suture, and 30 and 60 min after anesthesia. Data analysis showed no differences between the groups considering age, weight, and time spent in surgery. Increased systolic BP and decreased diastolic BP were observed in the lido/epi group. No difference was observed in the prilo/fely group among the surgical moments or between the groups regarding BP. No difference was observed in HR and SpO2 between the groups at any surgical moment. However, differences were found when compared the differences in glycemic and basal levels in both groups with greater decreases in blood glucose values for the lido/epi group. In anxiety level evaluation, there was no difference between the different surgical moments. Thus, both lido/epi and prilo/fely (maximum 3.6 mL) can be safely used in controlled diabetic patients. The use of lidocaine associated with epinephrine did not increase glycemic levels but leads to decrease over time when associated with an anxiety reduction protocol, offering some advantage over prilocaine plus felypressin for diabetic patients|
|Subject:||Dentes - Extração|
|Appears in Collections:||FOP - Artigos e Outros Documentos|
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