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|Title:||Comparison between the intestinal microbiome of healthy fish and fish experimentally infected with streptococcus agalactiae|
|Author:||Silva, Bruna Rafaela dos Santos|
Derami, Mariana Silveira
Paixão, Douglas Alvaredo
Persinoti, Gabriela Felix
Dias da Silveira, Wanderley
Maluta, Renato Pariz
|Abstract:||Nile tilapia (Oreochromis niloticus) farming is an economic activity that is soaring in the whole world. Septicemia due to Streptococcus agalactiae is the main disease impacting fish farming. The aim of this study was to compare the gut microbiome of healthy animals and animals experimentally infected with S. agalactiae strain 21171A. The microbiome was established with 16S ribosomal DNA next‐generation sequencing (NGS). One hundred Nile tilapias, with an average weight of 35 g, were distributed into two groups. Fifty fish from the challenged group were orally inoculated with 100 μl of a bacterial solution containing 1.98 × 103 CFU/ml of S. agalactiae strain 21171A, while 50 controls were orally inoculated with sterile saline. After the experiment, 24 fish from the challenged group and 27 fish from the control group were analysed. For both groups, bacteria attached to the mucosa (M) and present in faeces (F) were analysed. The mean of the number of taxa identified in the infected group (M + F) (45.87 ± 30.13) was lower than in the control (M + F) (67.70 ± 21.10) (p < .01). Nineteen bacterial taxa were more abundant in faecal samples from the infected group when compared with the control group (p < .01). Thirty‐nine taxa were associated with mucosa samples from the challenged group when compared to the control samples (p < .01). No OTU was associated with healthy samples. The results demonstrate that the infection with S. agalactiae reduces the variability of the gut microbiota. Moreover, some bacteria proliferate during the infection|
|Appears in Collections:||IB - Artigos e Outros Documentos|
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