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|Title:||A comprehensive time course study of tissue nitric oxide metabolites concentrations after oral nitrite administration|
|Author:||Pinheiro, Lucas C.|
Ferreira, Graziele C.
Angelis, Célio Damacena de
Toledo Jr., Jose Carlos
Tanus-Santos, Jose E.
|Abstract:||Nitrite and nitrate are considered nitric oxide (NO) storage pools. The assessment of their tissue concentrations may improve our understanding of how they attenuate pathophysiological mechanisms promoting disease. We hypothesized that significant differences exist when the tissue concentrations of nitrite, nitrate, and nitrosylated species (RXNO) are compared among different tissues, particularly when nitrite is administered orally because nitrite generates various NO-related species in the stomach. We studied the different time-dependent changes in plasma and tissue concentrations of nitrite, nitrate, and RXNO after oral nitrite 15 mg/kg was administered rats, which were euthanized 15, 30, 60, 120, 240, 480 or 1440 min after nitrite administration. A control group received water. Arterial blood samples were collected and the rats were perfused with a PBS solution containing NEM/DTPA to prevent the destruction of RXNO. After perfusion, heart, aorta, mesenteric artery, brain, stomach, liver and femoral muscle were harvested and immediately stored at −70°C until analyzed for their nitrite, nitrate and RXNO contents using an ozone-based reductive chemiluminescence assay. While nitrite administration did not increase aortic nitrite or nitrate concentrations for at least 60 min, both aorta and mesenteric vessels stored nitrite from 8 to 24 h after its administration and their tissue concentrations increased from 10 to 40-fold those found in plasma. In contrast, the other studied tissues showed only transient increases in the concentrations of these NO metabolites, including RXNO. The differences among tissues may reflect differences in mechanisms regulating cellular influx of nitrite. These findings have important pharmacological and clinical implications|
|Appears in Collections:||FCM - Artigos e Outros Documentos|
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