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Type: Artigo
Title: Psychosocial adjustment of children with migraine and tension‐type headache – a nationwide study
Author: Arruda, Marco A.
Arruda, Renato
Guidetti, Vincenzo
Bigal, Marcelo E.
Abstract: To describe patterns of psychosocial adjustment and psychological attributes in preadolescent children as a function of headache status in univariate and adjusted analyses. Sample consisted of 5671 children (65.9% of the target sample), from 5 to 12 years old (49.3% girls). Prevalence estimates in children were 20.6% for “no headache,” 9% for episodic migraine, and 12.8% for episodic tension‐type headache. Abnormal scores in psychosocial adjustment were significantly more likely in children with episodic migraine, relative to children without headaches and children with episodic tension‐type headache, and was significantly influenced by frequency of headache attacks, nausea, school performance, prenatal exposure to tobacco, as well as by phonophobia and photophobia. Children with migraine are at an increased risk of having impairment in psychosocial adjustment, and the factors associated with this impairment have been mapped. Future studies should address the directionality of the association and putative mechanisms to explain it.
Subject: Crianças
Cefaleia do tipo tensional
Country: Estados Unidos
Editor: Wiley
Rights: Fechado
Identifier DOI: 10.1111/head.12510
Date Issue: 2015
Appears in Collections:FCM - Artigos e Outros Documentos

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