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Type: Artigo
Title: Posture influence on the pendulum test of spasticity in patients with spinal cord injury
Author: Braga Machado de Azevedo, Eliza Regina Ferreira
Maria, Renata Manzano
Alonso, Karina Cristina
Cliquet Junior, Alberto
Abstract: The study aims to investigate the influence of different postures on spasticity results by pendulum test in patients with spinal cord injury (SCI). The setting was at the University of Campinas (UNICAMP), Campinas, SP, Brazil. Five individuals with SCI and five individuals in the control group were included. All individuals went through the pendulum test in three different positions: supine, semi-supine at an angle of 30 degrees, and sitting up at an angle of 60 degrees. An electrogoniometer was attached to the right leg for measurement of knee joint angles. All situations were performed five times. Blood pressure was monitored during tests. Relaxation index (RI), normalized relaxation index (RIn), test duration in seconds, initial flexion angle, and resting angle were analyzed at three different positions. Results were compared between different positions, and statistically no differences were found. In individuals with SCI, RI (1.83 +/- 0.2), RIn (1.14 +/- 0.13), and test duration values (13.95 +/- 4.14), in sitting up position, were similar to the control group results. In sitting up position, patients showed spasticity reduction. However, the other two postures produce pain and increase blood pressure in patients with tetraplegia. Therefore, these postures should be avoided in patients with lesions above T6, due to possible autonomic dysreflexia symptoms
Subject: Traumatismos da medula espinal
Estimulação elétrica neuromuscular
Country: Estados Unidos
Editor: Wiley
Rights: Fechado
Identifier DOI: 10.1111/aor.12500
Date Issue: 2015
Appears in Collections:FCM - Artigos e Outros Documentos

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