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Type: Artigo de periódico
Title: Results of monocular surgery under peribulbar anesthesia for large-angle horizontal strabismus
Author: Millán, Tatiana
Carvalho, Keila Monteiro de
Minguini, Nilza
Abstract: OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the results of monocular surgery under peribulbar anesthesia for large-angle horizontal strabismus. INTRODUCTION: Monocular surgery may preserve some muscles if a repeat operation is required, may help to avoid the exposure of the dominant eye to the inherent risks of a surgical procedure and may reduce surgical time. METHODS: We evaluated ninety-two consecutive patients who underwent monocular surgery under peribulbar anesthesia for large-angle horizontal strabismus (angle of 40 prism diopters or greater). Patients were divided into group 1- esotropia and group 2 -exotropia. The postoperative follow-up was at 6 months, when the residual deviation was evaluated. In cases of residual deviations of over 15 PD (prism diopter), a second procedure was indicated. RESULTS: In all patients with preoperative deviations up to 60 PD, residual deviations were under 15 PD. Some patients with preoperative deviations of 65 PD (two in group 1 and four in group 2) and all patients with deviations over 65 PD had residual deviations over 15 PD. The 13 patients who underwent a second procedure experienced successful outcomes. Our ROC curve analysis showed that the cutoff point for obtaining a successful surgical result was 62.5 PD. No patient presented with a major limitation in respect of ocular movement. CONCLUSIONS: Monocular surgery under peribulbar anesthesia can be an alternative for horizontal large-angle strabismus given deviations of up to 60 PD. Monocular surgery did not result in successful outcomes for deviations of over 65 PD.
Subject: Local Anesthesia
Surgical procedures
Ocular motility disorders
Editor: Faculdade de Medicina / USP
Rights: aberto
Identifier DOI: 10.1590/S1807-59322009000400006
Date Issue: 1-Apr-2009
Appears in Collections:Artigos e Materiais de Revistas Científicas - Unicamp

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