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|Title:||Surgical site infections in women and their association with clinical conditions|
|Author:||Madeira, Maria Zélia de Araújo|
|Abstract:||Introduction: Surgical site infections (SSIs) can affect body tissues, cavities, or organs manipulated in surgery and constitute 14% to 16% of all infections. This study aimed to determine the incidence of SSIs in women following their discharge from a gynecology outpatient clinic, to survey different types of SSIs among women, and to verify the association of SSIs with comorbidities and clinical conditions. Methods: Data were collected via analytical observation with a cross-sectional design, and the study was conducted in 1,026 women who underwent gynecological surgery in a teaching hospital in the municipality of Teresina, in the northeast Brazilian State of Piauí, from June 2011 to March 2013. Results: The incidence of SSIs after discharge was 5.8% among the women in the outpatient clinic. The most prevalent surgery among the patients was hysterectomy, while the most prevalent type of SSI was superficial incisional. Comorbidities in women with SSIs included cancer, diabetes mellitus, and hypertension. Conclusions: Surveillance of SSIs during the post-discharge period is critical for infection prevention and control. It is worth refl ecting on the planning of surgical procedures for patients who have risk factors for the development of SSIs|
|Editor:||Sociedade Brasileira de Medicina Tropical|
|Appears in Collections:||FCM - Artigos e Outros Documentos|
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