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|Title:||Efficacy of ethylene‐diamine‐tetra‐acetic acid associated with chlorhexidine on intracanal medication removal: A scanning electron microscopy study|
|Author:||Abi‐Rached, Giselle P. C.|
Herrera, Daniel R.
Zaia, Alexandre A.
Ferraz, Caio C. R.
Almeida, Jose F. A.
Gomes, Brenda P. F. A.
|Abstract:||The aim of this study was to evaluate the effectiveness of 17% ethylene‐diamine‐tetra‐acetic acid (EDTA) used alone or associated with 2% chlorhexidine gel (CHX) on intracanal medications (ICM) removal. Sixty single‐rooted human teeth with fully formed apex were selected. The cervical and middle thirds of each canal were prepared with Gates Glidden drills and rotary files. The apical third was shaped with hand files. The specimens were randomly divided into two groups depending on the ICM used after instrumentation: calcium hydroxide Ca(OH)2+CHX or Ca(OH)2+sterile saline (SS). After seven days, each group was divided into subgroups according to the protocol used for ICM removal: instrumentation and irrigation either with EDTA, CHX+EDTA, or SS (control groups). All specimens were sectioned and processed for observation of the apical thirds by using scanning electron microscopy. Two calibrated evaluators attributed scores to each specimen. The differences between the protocols for ICM removal were analyzed with Kruskal‐Wallis and Mann‐Whitney U tests. Friedman and Wilcoxon signed rank tests were used for comparison between the score of debris obtained in each root canal third. Remains of Ca(OH)2 were found in all specimens independently of the protocol and ICM used (P > 0.05). Seventeen percent EDTA showed the best results in removing ICM when used alone (P < 0.05), particularly in those associated with CHX. It was concluded that the chelating agent 17% EDTA significantly improved the removal of ICM when used alone. Furthermore, the type of the vehicle associated with Ca(OH)2 also plays a role in the ICM removal|
|Appears in Collections:||FOP - Artigos e Outros Documentos|
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