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|Title:||Different ontogenetic processes promote dicliny in Ficus L. (Moraceae)|
|Author:||Peng, Y. Q.|
Teixeira, S. P.
Pereira, R. A. S.
Basso-Alves, J. P.
|Abstract:||The absence of reproductive organs in flowers may ontogenetically arise from inception or by abortion during development. Ficus L, a species-rich genus of angiosperms, is an interesting model for floral developmental studies because of the diversity of sexual systems it contains. This study compares the floral morphology of Ficus citrifolia (monoecious), Ficus religiosa (monoecious), Ficus racemosa (secondarily monoecious), and Ficus hispida (gynodioecious) across development to establish the ontogenetic pathways that result in diclinous flowers. Figs were collected at various developmental stages and were prepared for surface (scanning electron microscopy) and histological (light microscopy) analyses. Dicliny in Ficus is defined by stamen absence from inception in pistillate flowers and either pistil absence from inception (E citrifolia,.E racemosa and E religiosa) or by abortion (E hispida) in staminate flowers. The perianth is formed by a single whorl of sepals, as found in other families related to Moraceae. The gynoecium is tubular during development, a condition that may be related with pseudomonomery. The staminate and neutral flowers in F. hispida develop by similar mechanisms. The diversity in the sexual systems in Ficus results from combinations of different floral morphs (dicliny), which originate from both previously established ontogenetic mechanisms (loss of reproductive organ function by abortion or from inception). These mechanisms act independently of phylogenetic proximity or mechanisms of sex system evolution in Ficus. Other aspects of floral development observed in Ficus are discussed in relation to their systematic position and reproductive biology|
|Subject:||Flores - Morfologia.|
|Appears in Collections:||IB - Artigos e Outros Documentos|
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