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|Title:||Evaluation of the mutagenicity and antimutagenicity of Ziziphus joazeiro Mart. bark in the micronucleus assay|
|Author:||Boriollo, Marcelo Fabiano Gomes|
Resende, Marielly Reis
Silva, Thaísla Andrielle da
Públio, Juliana Yoshida
Souza, Luiz Silva
Dias, Carlos Tadeu dos Santos
Oliveira, Nelma de Mello Silva
Fiorini, João Evangelista
|Abstract:||The aim of this study was to evaluate the mutagenicity (clastogenicity/aneugenicity) of a glycolic extract of Ziziphus joazeiro bark (GEZJ) by the micronucleus assay in mice bone marrow. Antimutagenic activity was also assessed using treatments associated with GEZJ and doxorubicin (DXR). Mice were evaluated 24-48 h after exposure to positive (N-nitroso-N-ethylurea, NEU - 50 mg.kg-1 and DXR - 5 mg.kg-1) and negative (150 mM NaCl) controls, as well as treatment with GEZJ (0.5-2 g.kg-1), GEZJ (2 g.kg-1) + NEU and GEZJ (2 g.kg-1) + DXR. There were no significant differences in the frequencies of micronucleated polychromatic erythrocytes in mice treated with GEJZ and GEJZ + DXR compared to the negative controls, indicating that GEZJ was not mutagenic. Analysis of the polychromatic:normochromatic erythrocyte ratio revealed significant differences in the responses to doses of 0.5 g.kg-1 and 1-2 g.kg-1 and the positive control (NEU). These results indicated no systemic toxicity and moderate toxicity at lower and higher doses of GEZJ. The lack of mutagenicity and systemic toxicity in the antimutagenic assays, especially for treatment with GEZJ + DXR, suggested that phytochemical compounds in Z. joazeiro bark attenuated DXR-induced mutagenicity and the moderate systemic toxicity of a high dose of Z. joazeiro bark (2 g.kg-1). Further studies on the genotoxicity of Z. joazeiro extracts are necessary to establish the possible health risk in humans and to determine the potential as a chemopreventive agent for therapeutic use|
|Editor:||Sociedade Brasileira de Genética|
|Appears in Collections:||FT - Artigos e Outros Documentos|
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