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Type: Artigo
Title: Influence of Brazilian geographic region and organic agriculture on the composition and crystallization properties of cocoa butter
Author: Vieira, Luana Reis
Efraim, Priscilla
Van de Walle, Davy
De Clercq, Nathalie
Dewettinck, Koen
Abstract: Cocoa butter (CB) is the most important ingredient in chocolate and represents the biggest share in the continuous phase of this product. The accurate composition of CB depends, among other factors, on the genetic characteristics of the cocoa tree, its agricultural handling and the farming region's climate. The influences of the cocoa-producing region in Brazil and the agricultural cultivation method on the composition and crystallization properties of CB are presented in this article. Raw CB was extracted from fruits cultivated in six main Brazilian states using two agricultural methods, organic and conventional. The samples were evaluated according to fatty acids, triacylglycerol composition, solid fat content, consistency, melting behavior and isothermal crystallization. The wide range of cocoa-producing regions in Brazil causes the distinct characteristics of the chemical composition and crystallization behavior of the CB, attributes that affect the quality of products using this raw material. Differences in consistency, hardness and crystallization parameters, among others, were observed. The results showed the great potential of using Brazilian CB with similar features to those of African and Asian origin, considered more appropriate for use in chocolates. However, no clear tendency concerning the agricultural method was found.
Subject: Manteiga de cacau
Agricultura orgânica
Country: Estados Unidos
Editor: American Oil Chemists' Society
Rights: Fechado
Identifier DOI: 10.1007/s11746-015-2728-y
Date Issue: 2015
Appears in Collections:FEA - Artigos e Outros Documentos

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