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|Title:||Yeasts from indigenous culture for cachaça production and brewer's spent grain: biodiversity and phenotypic characterization for biotechnological purposes|
|Author:||Brexó, Ramon P.|
Brandão, Luciana R.
Chaves, Rafael D.
Castro, Ruann J. S.
Câmara Jr., Antonio A.
Rosa, Carlos A.
Sant’Ana, Anderson S.
|Abstract:||In this study, yeasts were isolated from an indigenous starter culture for cachaça production (Brazilian spirit) and brewer’s spent grain and characterized through a series of phenotypic assays: the killer profile, ascospore formation capacity, growth at high temperatures, resistance to natamycin and actidione, and exoenzyme production. One hundred thirty-four (n = 134) yeasts were isolated and identified as belonging to 6 genera and 10 different species. The ascospore formation in potassium acetate agar was observed in 86% of the isolates (73 Saccharomyces cerevisiae, 3 Torulaspora delbrueckii, and 1 Wickerhamomyces anomalus) highlighting their potential for microencapsulation. Only S. cerevisiae LMQA SNR 70 expressed an effective killer factor (ability to destroy sensitive strains), while only 3 S. cerevisiae, 1 Clavispora lusitaniae, and 1 Pichia kudriavzevii isolates were able to grow up at 45 °C. At 50 and 100 mg/L, actidione showed selectivity action for Candida parapsilosis, while natamycin inhibited the growth of all isolates. The non-Saccharomyces isolates stood out in the qualitative and quantitative tests for amylolytic, pectinolytic, cellulolytic, and xylanolytic activities. A predominance of the species W. anomalus and T. delbrueckii was observed. Besides, quantitative tests revealed that 23% of the isolates exhibited exoenzymatic activity in a nutrient-poor environment, and W. anomalus LMQA CSC 5 e LMQA CSC 43 stood out for the multi-enzymatic in agar and liquid medium response. The phenotypic profile showed that 16% of the isolates expressed two or more characteristics studied, with 2/3 represented by the non-Saccharomyces species. These results highlight the importance of studying yeast species for new biotechnological purposes.|
|Appears in Collections:||FEA - Artigos e Outros Documentos|
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