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|Title:||A proposal for global and local food policies modelling|
|Author:||Santos, Ana B. G. F.|
|Abstract:||The world is facing a great dilemma because the current food production model is not sustainable from the ecological and social perspectives. Therefore, it is necessary to study the public policies adopted in the last century and to analyse new possibilities, in accordance with the XXI century context. The Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO), an agency of the United Nations (UN), developed several food policy proposals aimed at eliminating hunger and malnutrition. In 1974, FAO launched the Food Security Policy influenced by food commodities traders. Two decades later, a critical examination of the effects of Food Security Policy in peripherical countries revealed the degradation of small farmers ecological economies and undesired lateral effects as unemployment, hunger and rural exodus. The main critic came from the peasant movement La Via Campesina, which is an organization of small farmers, indigenous people and rural workers from all over the world, and also researchers committed to their cause. They presented, as an alternative, the Food Sovereignty Policy, to rescue ecological-traditional practices that value the small farming ecological production and environmental preservation. The research proposal will use energy systems modelling to simulate the effects of global food security policy and the trends expected from food sovereignty policy, both studies will offer quantitative and qualitative indicators|
|Editor:||Scientific & Academic Publishing|
|Appears in Collections:||FEA - Artigos e Outros Documentos|
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