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|Title:||Assessment of ductile-to-brittle transition behavior of localized microstructural regions in a friction-stir welded x80 pipeline steel with miniaturized charpy v-notch testing. metallurgical and materials transactions|
|Author:||Avila, Julian A.|
Mei, Paulo Roberto
Ramirez, Antonio J.
|Abstract:||Friction-stir welding (FSW) is an alternative welding process for pipelines. This technology offers sound welds, good repeatability, and excellent mechanical properties. However, it is of paramount importance to determine the toughness of the welds at low temperatures in order to establish the limits of this technology. Ductile-to-brittle transition curves were generated in the present study by using a small-scale instrumented Charpy machine and miniaturized V-notch specimens (Kleinstprobe, KLST); notches were located in base metal, heat-affected, stirred, and hard zones within a FSW joint of API-5L X80 Pipeline Steel. Specimens were tested at temperatures between 77 K (−196 °C) and 298 K (25 °C). Based on the results obtained, the transition temperatures for the base material and heat-affected zone were below 173 K (−100 °C); conversely, for the stirred and hard zones, it was located around 213 K (−60 °C). Fracture surfaces were characterized and showed a ductile fracture mechanism at high impact energies and a mixture of ductile and brittle mechanisms at low impact energies|
|Appears in Collections:||FEM - Artigos e Outros Documentos|
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