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|Title:||Residual stress characterization by x-ray diffraction and correlation with hardness in a class d railroad wheel|
|Author:||Rezende, A. B.|
Fonseca, S. T.
Minicucci, D. J.
Fernandes, F. M.
Farina, P. F. S.
Mei, P. R.
|Abstract:||This article focused on the microstructure characterization and residual stress measurements of the flange from classes D and C railway wheels (called 7D and 7C steel, respectively) to contribute with the residual stress level on new forged wheels flange area. A correlation with the hardness was conducted. The residual stress was measured in three points of the flange using the x-ray diffraction technique, and the microstructure characterization on SEM microscopy. We found the 7C steel has fine pearlite and ferrite microstructures, and 7D steel has degenerated pearlite and bainite microstructures. In the 7D steel, the compressive residual stress in the flange region was higher than in the 7C steel, which is related to the presence of bainite on the microstructure. There was a correlation between the hardness and residual stress value. The knowledge of the residual compression stress level is important for safety train wheels operation. The traction stress generated by the brake system on the wheel is attenuated by residual compression stress|
|Appears in Collections:||FEM - Artigos e Outros Documentos|
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