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Type: Artigo
Title: Effect of operating conditions on the yield and quality of açai (Euterpe oleracea Mart.) powder produced in spouted bed
Author: Costa, Rosilene Gomes
Andreola, Kaciane
Mattietto, Rafaella de Andrade
Guerreiro de Faria, Lenio Jose
Taranto, Osvaldir Pereira
Abstract: Acai is a nutritious and energetic food that demonstrated antioxidant activity and cardioprotective properties. However, since acai is a very perishable raw material, studies for its preservation are needed. The acai powder production is a way to obtain products with low moisture content, good stability and higher shelf life. This study aimed to investigate the feasibility of drying acai in spouted bed, evaluating the operating conditions on the yield and quality of the product. The experiments were conducted according to a central composite design. Operating variables studied were: drying air temperature, airflow rate and maltodextrin concentration. Process yield, moisture content and total anthocyanins content were analyzed as responses. The process yield was positively influenced by all the variables studied. The increase in temperature caused a significant reduction in the moisture content. Airflow rate was the variable that most influenced the degradation of anthocyanins. Applying desirability function method, an optimal drying condition was found. Such this conditions was obtained a nutritious, energetic and porous powder, with excellent flowability, low moisture and high anthocyanins content
Subject: Euterpe
Country: Países Baixos
Editor: Elsevier
Rights: Fechado
Identifier DOI: 10.1016/j.lwt.2015.07.027
Date Issue: 2015
Appears in Collections:FEQ - Artigos e Outros Documentos

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