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|Title:||Chromium biosorption using the residue of alginate extraction from Sargassum filipendula|
Carlos da Silva, Meuris Gurgel
|Abstract:||The Brazilian brown seaweed Sargassum filipendula was treated for alginate extraction and the residue was used for removing Cr(VI) and Cr(III) from aqueous solutions. The seaweed was characterized in terms of alginate and residue yields. Alginate and residue contents were 17% and 39%, respectively. Kinetic experiments were carried out and different models were applied in order to elucidate the rate-controlling mechanism: pseudo-first order, pseudo-second order and intra-particle diffusion. The biosorption of Cr(VI) in residue is followed by the reduction of hexavalent to trivalent chromium. The application of Langmuir model to equilibrium data showed a superior maximum biosorption capacity (q(max)) for total. chromium (0.819 mmol g(-1)) in comparison to trivalent chromium (0.635 mmol g(-1)). The biosorption capacities obtained were close to the values found for the removal of chromium by different species of brown seaweeds|
|Appears in Collections:||FEQ - Artigos e Outros Documentos|
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