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|Title:||Parameter estimation from non-hyperbolic reflection traveltimes for large aperture common midpoint gathers|
Lopes, Renato R.
|Abstract:||As far as superficial seismic reflection events are concerned, the classical normal moveout (NMO) process, which leads to the construction of seismic zero‐offset (or stacked) sections, encounters several difficulties due to the large data aperture. One of these difficulties is that the hyperbolic approximation of the reflection traveltime in common midpoint (CMP) gathers is no longer valid when offset largely exceeds the target depth. Recently, Fomel and Kazinnik proposed a novel, multi‐parameter, non‐hyperbolic formula for the traveltime of such reflection events. This formula, which will be referred to here as the FK traveltime after the authors, is exact for reflectors whose shape can be described by a hyperbola, and shows promising accuracy for long offsets and/or curved reflectors. It also depends on the same set of parameters as the common reflection surface (CRS) traveltime. In this paper, we propose strategies for estimating these CRS parameters based on the FK traveltime using large aperture data. However, in contrast to traditional CRS processing, and due to their widespread use, only common midpoint (CMP) gathers will be considered for the parameter searches. We will begin with a sensitivity analysis, showing the impact of each parameter on the traveltime. Based on this analysis, we will propose a two‐step estimation strategy, that could lead to improved seismic images, especially for very shallow, high aperture events. We will then highlight, through synthetic examples and discussions, the strengths and limitations of this strategy|
|Subject:||Processamento de sinais|
|Appears in Collections:||IMECC - Artigos e Outros Documentos|
FEEC - Artigos e Outros Documentos
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