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Type: Artigo
Title: Adsorption of basic dyes onto activated carbon: Experimental and theoretical investigation of chemical reactivity of basic dyes using DFT-based descriptors
Author: Vieira de Souza, Thielle Nayara
Leao de Carvalho, Samira Maria
Adeodato Vieira, Melissa Gurgel
Carlos da Silva, Meuris Gurgel
Barros Brasil, Davi do Socorro
Abstract: Adsorption of basic dyes, basic blue 26 (BB26), basic green 1 (BG1), basic yellow 2 (BY2) and basic red 1 (BR1) onto activated carbon surfaces were investigated. Activated carbons (ACs) were produced by thermal treatment at 800 degrees C, oxidation with HNO3 6 M and chemical activation with H3PO4 at 450 degrees C and acai seeds (Euterpe oleracea) and Brazil nut shells (Bertholletia excelsa) were used as precursors. ACs were characterized by X-ray diffraction spectroscopy (XRD), Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FTIR), analysis (TGA/DTA), N-2-adsorption at 77 K, mercury intrusion porosimetry, evaluation of acidity/basicity, and determination of the point of zero charge (pHpzc). The molecular chemical reactivity of the dye molecules was investigated using the DFT-based reactivity descriptors, electrophilicity index (omega), chemical potential (mu) and chemical hardness (eta), values were approximated in terms of the frontier molecular orbital energies, HOMO and LUMO. ACs produced by activation with H3PO4 were more effectives to remover the dyes tested, performances attributed to their pore structure and surface functional groups. The experimental and theoretical results of chemical reactivity show that BG1 and BB26 dyes are more reactive than BR1 and BY2 dyes
Subject: Adsorção
Country: Países Baixos
Editor: Elsevier
Rights: Fechado
Identifier DOI: 10.1016/j.apsusc.2018.04.087
Date Issue: 2018
Appears in Collections:FEQ - Artigos e Outros Documentos

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