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|Title:||Microscopic evidences that bone marrow mononuclear cell treatment improves sciatic nerve regeneration after neurorrhaphy|
|Author:||Lopes-Filho, Joao D.|
Caldas, Heloisa C.
Santos, Fernanda C. A.
Simoes, Gustavo F.
Kawasaki-Oyama, Rosa S.
Oliveira, Alexandre R.
Toboga, Sebastiao R.
Chueire, Alceu G.
|Abstract:||In the present study, the participation of the Na(v)1.8 sodium channel was investigated in the development of the peripheral pro-nociceptive state induced by daily intraplantar injections of PGE(2) in rats and its regulation in vivo by protein kinase A (PKA) and protein kinase C epsilon (PKC epsilon) as well. In the prostaglandin E-2 (PGE(2))-induced persistent hypernociception, the Na(v)1.8 mRNA in the dorsal root ganglia (DRG) was up-regulated. The local treatment with dipyrone abolished this persistent hypernociception but did not alter the Na(v)1.8 mRNA level in the DRG. Daily intrathecal administrations of antisense Na(v)1.8 decreased the Na(v)1.8 mRNA in the DRG and reduced ongoing persistent hypernociception. once the persistent hypernociception had been abolished by dipyrone, but not by Na(v)1.8 antisense treatment, a small dose of PGE(2) restored the hypernociceptive plateau. These data show that, after a period of recurring inflammatory stimuli, an intense and prolonged nociceptive response is elicited by a minimum inflammatory stimulus and that this pro-nociceptive state depends on Na(v)1.8 mRNA up-regulation in the DRG. in addition, during the persistent hypernociceptive state, the PKA and PKC epsilon expression and activity in the DRG are up-regulated and the administration of the PKA and PKC epsilon inhibitors reduce the hypernociception as well as the Na(v)1.8 mRNA level. In the present study, we demonstrated that the functional regulation of the Na(v)1.8 mRNA by PKA and PKC epsilon in the primary sensory neuron is important for the development of the peripheral pro-nociceptive state induced by repetitive inflammatory stimuli and for the maintenance of the behavioral persistent hypernociception|
|Editor:||John Wiley & Sons|
|Appears in Collections:||IB - Artigos e Outros Documentos|
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