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Type: Artigo
Title: High doses of dexamethasone induce increased β-cell proliferation in pancreatic rat islets
Author: Rafacho, Alex
Cestari, Tânia M.
Taboga, Sebastião R.
Boschero, Antonio C.
Bosqueiro, José R.
Abstract: Activation of insulin signaling and cell cycle intermediates is required for adult β-cell proliferation. Here, we report a model to study β-cell proliferation in living rats by administering three different doses of dexamethasone (0.1, 0.5, and 1.0 mg/kg ip, DEX 0.1, DEX 0.5, and DEX 1.0, respectively) for 5 days. Insulin sensitivity, insulin secretion, and histomorphometric data were investigated. Western blotting was used to analyze the levels of proteins related to the control of β-cell growth. DEX 1.0 rats, which present moderate hyperglycemia and marked hyperinsulinemia, exhibited a 5.1-fold increase in β-cell proliferation and an increase (17%) in β-cell size, with significant increase in β-cell mass, compared with control rats. The hyperinsulinemic but euglycemic DEX 0.5 rats also showed a significant 3.6-fold increase in β-cell proliferation. However, DEX 0.1 rats, which exhibited the lowest degree of insulin resistance, compensate for insulin demand by improving only islet function. Activation of the insulin receptor substrate 2/phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase/serine-threonine kinase/ribosomal protein S6 kinase pathway, as well as protein retinoblastoma in islets from DEX 1.0 and DEX 0.5, but not in DEX 0.1, rats was also observed. Therefore, increasing doses of dexamethasone induce three different degrees of insulin requirement in living rats, serving as a model to investigate compensatory β-cell alterations. Augmented β-cell mass involves β-cell hyperplasia and, to a lower extent, β-cell hypertrophy. We suggest that alterations in circulating insulin and, to a lesser extent, glucose levels could be the major stimuli for β-cell proliferation in the dexamethasone-induced insulin resistance
Subject: Glicocorticoides
Resistência à insulina
Country: Estados Unidos
Editor: American Physiological Society
Rights: Fechado
Identifier DOI: 10.1152/ajpendo.90931.2008
Date Issue: 2009
Appears in Collections:IB - Artigos e Outros Documentos

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