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Type: Artigo
Title: Substantivity of chlorhexidine to human dentin
Author: Carrilho, M.R.
Carvalho, R.M.
Sousa, E.N.
Nicolau, J.
Breschi, L.
Mazzoni, A.
Tjäderhane, L.
Tay, F.R.
Agee, K.
Pashley, D.H.
Abstract: To better comprehend the role of CHX in the preservation of resin-dentin bonds, this study investigated the substantivity of CHX to human dentin. Material and methods: Dentin disks (n = 45) were obtained from the mid-coronal portion of human third molars. One-third of dentin disks were kept mineralized (MD), while the other two-thirds had one of the surfaces partially demineralized with 37% phosphoric acid for 15 s (PDD) or they were totally demineralized with 10% phosphoric acid (TDD). Disks of hydroxyapatite (HA) were also prepared. Specimens were treated with: (1) 10 μL of distilled water (controls), (2) 10 μL of 0.2% chlorhexidine diacetate (0.2% CHX) or (3) 10 μL of 2% chlorhexidine diacetate (2% CHX). Then, they were incubated in 1 mL of PBS (pH 7.4, 37 °C). Substantivity was evaluated as a function of the CHX-applied dose after: 0.5 h, 1 h, 3 h, 6 h, 24 h, 168 h (1 week), 672 h (4 weeks) and 1344 h (8 weeks) of incubation. CHX concentration in eluates was spectrophotometrically analyzed at 260 nm. Results: Significant amounts of CHX remained retained in dentin substrates (MD, PPD or TDD), independent on the CHX-applied dose or time of incubation (p < 0.05). High amounts of retained CHX onto HA were observed only for specimens treated with the highest concentration of CHX (2%) (p < 0.05). Conclusion: The outstanding substantivity of CHX to dentin and its reported effect on the inhibition of dentinal proteases may explain why CHX can prolong the durability of resin-dentin bonds.
Subject: Clorexidina
Country: Reino Unido
Editor: Elsevier
Rights: Fechado
Identifier DOI: 10.1016/
Date Issue: 2010
Appears in Collections:FOP - Artigos e Outros Documentos

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