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|Title:||PLUNC protein expression in major salivary glands of HIV-infected patients|
|Author:||da Silva, A.A.|
da Silva, L.F.F.
|Abstract:||To analyse and compare the expression of Palate, Lung, and Nasal Epithelium Clone (PLUNC) proteins in salivary glands from patients with and without AIDS (control group) using autopsy material. Methods: We analysed the expression of PLUNCs using immunohistochemistry in parotid (n=45), submandibular (n=47) and sublingual gland (n=37) samples of AIDS patients [30 with normal histology, 21 with mycobacteriosis, 14 with cytomegalovirus (CMV) infection, 30 with chronic non-specific sialadenitis, and 30 HIV-negative controls. In situ hybridization (ISH) for SPLUNC 2 in the HIV-negative group was performed. Results: SPLUNC 1 expression was detected in the mucous acini of submandibular and sublingual glands, and SPLUNC 2 were seen in the serous cells. LPLUNC 1 expression was only positive in the salivary ducts. There was a higher expression of SPLUNC 2 in AIDS patients with CMV infection and mycobacteriosis when compared with all other groups. The intensity of staining for SPLUNC 2 was greater around the lesions than the peripheral ones. ISH for SPLUNC 2 showed perinuclear positivity in the serous cells in all HIV-negative cases. Conclusions: SPLUNC 1 and LPLUNC 1 proteins were similarly expressed in the salivary glands of AIDS patients and non-HIV patients.CMV infection and mycobacteriosis increase SPLUNC 2 expression in serous cellsin the salivary gland of AIDS patients.|
|Subject:||Síndrome de imunodeficiência adquirida|
|Appears in Collections:||FOP - Artigos e Outros Documentos|
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