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|Title:||Endothelial nitric oxide synthase haplotypes associated with aura in patients with migraine|
|Author:||Goncalves, Flavia M.|
Speciali, Jose G.
Luizon, Marcelo R.
Izidoro-Toledo, Tatiane C.
Silva, Pamela S.
Tanus-Santos, Jose E.
|Abstract:||There is strong evidence implicating nitric oxide (NO) in the pathophysiology of migraine and aura. Therefore, genetic polymorphisms in the endothelial NO synthase (eNOS) gene have been studied as candidate markers for migraine susceptibility. We compared for the first time the distribution of eNOS haplotypes including the three clinically relevant eNOS polymorphisms (T-786C in the promoter, rs2070744; Glu298Asp in exon 7, rs1799983; and a 27 bp variable number of tandem repeats in intron 4) and two additional tagging single-nucleotide polymorphisms (rs3918226 and rs743506) in 178 women with migraine (134 without aura and 44 with aura) and 117 healthy controls (control group). Genotypes were determined by TaqMan allele discrimination assay, real-time polymerase chain reaction, and polymerase chain reaction followed by fragment separation by electrophoresis. The GA (rs743506) genotype was more common in the control group than in women with migraine (odds ratio = 0.47, 95% confidence interval [CI] 0.29-0.78, p<0.01). No significant differences were found in allele distributions for the five eNOS polymorphisms. However, the haplotypes including the variants "C C a Glu G" and the variants "C C b Glu G" were more common in women with migraine with aura than in women with migraine without aura (odds ratio = 30.71, 95% CI = 1.61-586.4 and odds ratio = 17.26, 95% CI = 1.94-153.4, respectively; both p<0.0015625). These findings suggest that these two eNOS haplotypes affect the susceptibility to the presence of aura in patients with migraine|
|Editor:||Mary Ann Liebert|
|Appears in Collections:||FCM - Artigos e Outros Documentos|
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