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|Title:||Functional matrix metalloproteinase (MMP)-9 genetic variants modify the effects of hemodialysis on circulating MMP-9 levels|
|Author:||Marson, Bernardo P.|
Poli-de-Figueiredo, Carlos E.
Tanus-Santos, Jose E.
|Abstract:||Altered levels of matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs) and their inhibitors, the tissue inhibitors of metalloproteinases (TIMPs), are involved in cardiovascular alterations associated with end stage kidney disease (ESKD). Genetic polymorphisms in MMP-9 gene affect MMP-9 levels. We examined how MMP-9 polymorphisms and haplotypes affect the changes in plasma MMP-9 and TIMP-1 levels found in patients with ESKD undergoing hemodialysis.We studied 94 ESKD patients undergoing hemodialysis for at least 3 months. MMP-9 and TIMP-1 were measured by ELISA in plasma from blood samples collected before and after a session of hemodialysis. Genotypes for three MMP-9 polymorphisms (C− 1562T, rs3918242; − 90 (CA)14–24, rs2234681; and Q279R, rs17576) were determined by Taqman® Allele Discrimination Assay and real-time polymerase chain reaction. Haplotype frequencies were determined with the software program PHASE 2.1. Hemodialysis increased MMP-9 and TIMP-1 levels (P < 0.05). Genotypes had no effects on baseline MMP-9 and TIMP-1 levels (P > 0.05). Hemodialysis increased MMP-9 and TIMP-1 levels in subjects with the CC (but not CT or TT) genotype for the C− 1562T polymorphism (P < 0.05), and increased MMP-9 levels in subjects with the QQ (but not QR or RR) genotype for the Q279R polymorphism (P < 0.05), whereas the CA(n)14–24 polymorphism had no major effects. While MMP-9 haplotypes had no effects on baseline MMP-9 levels (P > 0.05), hemodialysis increased MMP-9 levels and MMP-9/TIMP-1 ratios in subjects carrying the CLQ haplotype (P = 0.0012 and P = 0.0045, respectively). ESKD patients with the QQ genotype for the Q279R polymorphism or with the CLQ haplotype are exposed to more severe increases in MMP-9 levels after hemodialysis. Such patients may benefit from the use of MMP inhibitors|
|Appears in Collections:||FCM - Artigos e Outros Documentos|
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