Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item:
Type: Artigo
Title: Presence of tropical spastic paraparesis/human T‐cell lymphotropic virus type 1‐associated myelopathy (TSP/HAM)‐like among HIV‐1‐infected patients
Author: Casseb, Jorge
Oliveira, Augusto Cesar Penalva de
Vergara, Maria Paulina Posada
Montanheiro, Patricia
Bonasser, Francisco
Ferreira, Claudio Meilman
Smid, Jerusa
Duarte, Alberto Jose da Silva
Abstract: Human immunodeficiency virus type 1 (HIV‐1) and human T‐cell lymphotropic virus types 1 and 2 (HTLV‐1 and ‐2) are retroviruses that share similar routes of transmission and some individuals may have a dual infection. These co‐infected subjects may be at increased risk for tropical spastic paraparesis/HTLV‐1‐associated myelopathy (TSP/HAM)‐like. To study the prevalence of tropical spastic paraparesis/HTLV‐1‐associated myelopathy (TSP/HAM) among co‐infected HIV‐1/HTLV‐1 subjects. Since July 1997, our group has been following a cohort to study the interaction of HTLV with HIV and/or hepatitis C virus (HCV), as well as HTLV‐1‐only infected asymptomatic carriers or those already presenting with TSP/HAM. During these 9 years, 296 HTLV‐1‐infected individuals were identified from a total of 538 patients who were referred to our clinic at the Institute of Infectious Diseases “Emílio Ribas,” in São Paulo, Brazil. All subjects were evaluated by two neurologists, blinded to the HTLV status. TSP/HAM diagnosis was based on Kagoshima diagnostic criteria. Results: A total of 38 HIV‐1/HTLV‐1 co‐infected subjects were identified in this cohort: Twenty‐six had already been diagnosed with AIDS and 12 remained asymptomatic. Six of 38 co‐infected subjects (18%) were diagnosed as having TSP/HAM and also AIDS, and for 5 of them TSP/HAM was their first illness. One additional incident case was diagnosed after 2 years of follow‐up. No modifications on HIV‐1 viral load was seen. In contrast, the co‐infected with TSP/HAM‐like group showed higher HTLV‐1 proviral load (505 ± 380 vs. 97 ± 149 copies/104 PBMC, P = 0.012) than asymptomatic co‐infected subjects, respectively. The incidence of myelopathy among HIV‐1/HTLV‐1 co‐infected subjects is probably higher than among patients infected only with HTLV‐1, and related to a higher HTLV‐1 proviral load. Thus, HTLV‐1/2 screening should be done for all HIV‐1‐infected patients in areas where HTLV‐1 infection is endemic
Subject: HIV-1 (Vírus)
Country: Estados Unidos
Editor: John Wiley & Sons
Rights: Fechado
Identifier DOI: 10.1002/jmv.21111
Date Issue: 2008
Appears in Collections:HC - Artigos e Outros Documentos

Files in This Item:
File Description SizeFormat 
000252756500003.pdf183.33 kBAdobe PDFView/Open

Items in DSpace are protected by copyright, with all rights reserved, unless otherwise indicated.