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|Title:||Recruitment and growth variation of Ophionereis reticulata (Echinodermata: Ophiuroidea)|
|Author:||Yokoyama, Leonardo Q.|
Amaral, Antonia Cecilia Z.
|Abstract:||Two growth patterns are recognized in shallow-water ophiuroids: (1) slow growth and early reproductive maturity over a long life span and (2) rapid growth with a short life span. For species with the first pattern, both growth and recruitment would reflect a reproductive pattern with long periods of resting and spawning concentrated in certain months of the year. To evaluate this hypothesis, the recruitment, population dynamics, and growth of the intertidal brittle star Ophionereis reticulata were analyzed from January 2001 to December 2002 at the Baleeiro Isthmus on the southeast coast of Brazil. The species shows an annual gametogenic cycle with spawning taking place in summer. Densities varied from 0.46 to 9.46 individuals m−2. Density variations and seawater temperature were not significantly correlated. The population structure of O. reticulata was polymodal, with at least four co-occurring cohorts. Recruitment events were recorded in March 2001, October 2001, January 2002, and September 2002. As indicated by the asymptote size (D∞ = 11.47 mm ± 1.46), growth constant (K = 0.42 year−1 ± 0.12), and oscillation index (C = 0.97 ± 0.51), the growth pattern of O. reticulata seems to be based on high survivorship of juveniles and adults, where sexual maturity is reached at a small size with rapid growth in the first 2 years of life. A low level of settlement is to be expected based on these data; however, there must be a minimum successful survivorship and development for juveniles and adults. Another explanation for the lack of small individuals (disc diameter < 1.0 mm) could be that recruitment is located in a different area and a post-settlement migration might be involved in the maintenance of the population|
|Editor:||Taylor & Francis|
|Appears in Collections:||IB - Artigos e Outros Documentos|
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