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Type: Artigo
Title: Physical quality of an oxisol in different agricultural systems in Brazilian Cerrado
Author: Pereira, Diego dos Santos
Montanari, Rafael
Oliveira, Christtiane Fernandes
Ramos, Jean Carlos de Almeida
Panosso, Alan Rodrigo
Souza, Zigomar Menezes de
Paz González, Antonio
Abstract: The soil physical quality is a way of evaluating the current condition of forest plantations that is growing in the southeast region of Mato Grosso do Sul State. In this sense, this work aimed to evaluate the impact of the forest plantations on the physical quality of an Oxisol (Haplic Acrustox) in Cerrado. The experiment was conducted in the Experimental area of the Teaching and Research Farm, of the Engineering college of Ilha Solteira (UNESP), located in the city of Selvíria-MS, situated in the conditions of the Brazilian Cerrado. The soil samples were collected at depths of 0.00-0.10; 0.10-0.20; 0.20-0.30 and 0.30-0.40 m in three areas cultivated for 30 years: area (1) Pine forest (Pinus caribaea var. hondurensis); (2) Eucalyptus forest (Eucalyptus camaldulensis); (3) Reforested ciliary forest, being used a completely randomized design, with 25 replications and 3 treatments. The analyzed attributes of the soil was: macroporosity (Ma), microporosity (Mi), total porosity (TP), bulk density (BD), real particle (RP), soil resistance to penetration (PR), gravimetric moisture (GM), volumetric moisture (VM) and sand, silt and clay contents. The three evaluated areas presented macroporosity below the critical limit (0.100 m³ m-³), thereby impairing the root development. The three evaluated areas affected the physical quality of the soil. Being the physical attributes that most influenced in the reduction of the soil physical quality was the bulk density, total porosity, microporosity, macroporosity and soil resistance to penetration.
Subject: Solos
Mata ciliar
Country: Canadá
Editor: Canadian Center of Science and Education
Rights: Aberto
Identifier DOI: 10.5539/jas.v10n7p46
Date Issue: 2018
Appears in Collections:FEAGRI - Artigos e Outros Documentos

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