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|Title:||Transient analysis and mitigation of resonant faults on half-wavelength transmission lines|
|Author:||Santiago Ortega, Javier|
Tavares, Maria Cristina
|Abstract:||This paper presents an analysis of resonant faults and their transient responses on half-wavelength lines. This type of transmission line has been studied for many years in countries that need alternatives for bulk power transmission over very long distances. An important issue for this technology is the occurrence of critical faults, which produce peculiar behavior in the main electrical entities and can jeopardize line insulation and compromise system stability. Here, the main factors influencing the severity of faults are analyzed: the type of fault and fault location. This paper shows that faults involving positive and negative sequences are the most critical when applied at specific regions and produce high voltage and power with a high rate of rise. The necessity for a mitigation method that removes this severe resonant fault condition until the operation of a protection system is discussed, and such a method is established. A method using two spark gaps with a new and improved location criterion is proposed, tested and evaluated, providing promising results for controlling voltage and power at terminal substations. Digital simulations are performed with PSCAD/EMTDC|
|Editor:||Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers|
|Appears in Collections:||FEEC - Artigos e Outros Documentos|
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