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Type: Artigo
Title: Towards high-temperature fuel ethanol production using kluyveromyces marxianus: on the search for plug-in strains for the brazilian sugarcane-based biorefinery
Author: Madeira-Jr, José Valdo
Gombert, Andreas Karoly
Abstract: In the production of fuel ethanol from sugarcane in Brazilian biorefineries, one way to achieve lower production costs is the fermentation of sugars into ethanol at high temperatures (˜48 °C), which could lead to a decrease in: contamination levels, use of antibiotics, cooling costs, water usage, use of sulphuric acid in cell recycling, and energy used in distillation. Since Saccharomyces cerevisiae, the yeast species used in these biorefineries, cannot grow at these temperatures, alternative organisms need to be employed and one candidate is Kluyveromyces marxianus. Here, 20 strains belonging to this species were screened for their capacity to thrive at high temperatures (37, 45 and 48 °C) and under conditions relevant in the fuel ethanol industry: low pH (2.5), anaerobiosis, and high ethanol concentrations (up to 10%). The ethanol producing capacity of some strains was also evaluated and the ethanol yield on sugar quantified. Strains K. marxianus NCYC 3396 and UFV-3 stood out as potential microorganisms to be plugged into this industry (metabolic, evolutionary and reverse engineering will be required), since they grew better than the remaining ones under most of the conditions tested and produced ethanol at 48 °C with similar yields (0.40 g ethanol.g glucose−1) to those displayed by S. cerevisiae at 37 °C
Subject: Anaerobiose
Country: Reino Unido
Editor: Elsevier
Rights: Fechado
Identifier DOI: 10.1016/j.biombioe.2018.09.010
Date Issue: 2018
Appears in Collections:FEA - Artigos e Outros Documentos

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