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Type: Artigo
Title: Assessment of shear zone-derived quartz from the Etam area, southwest Cameroon as potential high-purity quartz resource : petrography, geochemistry and technological studies
Author: Sigue, Cyrille
Moundi, Amidou
Suh, Cheo Emmanuel
Santos, Murilo Ferreira Marques dos
Fujiwara, Eric
Suzuki, Carlos Kenichi
Ndema-Mbongue, Jean Lavenir
Abstract: This study focuses on the evaluation of the high-purity quartz (HPQ) potential of a shear zone-hosted hydrothermal and metamorphic quartz deposit in Etam, southwest Cameroon. The shear zone quartz-rich rock is monomineralic and consists of both milky and translucent varieties. The combination of ICP-MS and LA-ICP-MS analytical techniques was used to assess the chemical purity of both quartz varieties. These compositional analyses show that all quartz samples have SiO2 content of 98.46–99.75 wt% with very low concentrations of all the other elements. Translucent quartz when compared to the milky quartz variety shows low concentration of most of the elements including the following principal impurities: Al (mean 107 µg g−1), Ca (mean 27.85 µg g−1) and Fe (mean 26.05 µg g−1). Bubble generation in the samples after flame fusion over a silica plate was assessed to test the suitability of the quartz in industrial uses. The results obtained from the chemical analyses and bubble formation tests indicate that all the samples investigated do not meet the HPQ requirement. However, the translucent quartz shows characteristics of medium-purity quartz and can produce silica glass for some industrial manufacturing even without further purification. In this study, the fluid inclusions in the samples were examined as this bears information on the economic viability of the deposit and provides clues on the genesis of the quartz vein. Also tiny mineral inclusions within individual quartz grains were identified by SEM–EDS. The results of these studies show that the deposit is probably of metamorphic origin marked by crystal-plastic deformation in quartz grains. The veins were later modified by hydrothermal fluid input. The results also indicate that the majority of impurities are likely hosted by fluid inclusions and thus the quartz can be upgraded to HPQ after purification by suitable methods
Subject: Sílica
Country: Alemanha
Editor: Springer
Rights: Fechado
Identifier DOI: 10.1007/s42452-020-2301-7
Date Issue: 2020
Appears in Collections:FEM - Artigos e Outros Documentos

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