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Type: Artigo
Title: Incidence and growth of salmonella enterica on the peel and pulp of avocado (persea americana) and custard apple (annona squamosa)
Author: Rezende, Ana Carolina B.
Crucello, Juliana
Moreira, Rafael C.
Silva, Beatriz S.
Sant'Ana, Anderson S.
Abstract: The aim of this study was to assess the incidence and to estimate the growth kinetic parameters (maximum growth rate, μ; lag time, λ; and maximum population, κ) of Salmonella on the peel and pulp of avocado (Persea americana var. americana) and custard apple (Annona squamosa L.) as affected by temperature (10–30 °C). The incidence of Salmonella was assessed on the peel and pulp of the fruits (n = 200 of each fruit), separately, totalizing 800 analyses. Only three samples of custard apple pulp were positive for Salmonella enterica and the three isolates recovered belonged to serotype S. Typhimurium. Salmonella was not recovered from avocado and custard apple peels and from avocado pulp. Generally, the substrate (pulp or peel) of growth did not affect μ values of S. enterica (p > 0.05). Very similar μ values were found for S. enterica inoculated in custard apple and avocado. S. enterica presented the highest λ in the peel of the fruits. The growth of S. enterica resulted in larger λ in custard apple in comparison to avocado. For example, the λ of S. enterica in the pulp of custard apple and avocado were 47.0 ± 0.78 h and 10.0 ± 3.78 h, respectively. The lowest values of κ were obtained at the lower storage temperature conditions (10 °C). For instance, κ values of 3.7 ± 0.06 log CFU/g and 2.9 ± 0.03 log CFU/g were obtained from the growth of S. enterica in avocado and custard apple pulps at 10 °C (p < 0.05), respectively. On the other hand, at 30 °C, κ values were 6.5 ± 0.25 log CFU/g and 6.5 ± 0.05 log CFU/g, respectively. Significantly higher κ were obtained from the growth of S. enterica in the pulp than in the peel of the fruits (p < 0.05). For instance, the growth of S. enterica in the pulp of avocado led to a κ value of 6.5 ± 0.25 log CFU/g, while in the peel led to a κ value of 4.6 ± 0.23 log CFU/g (p < 0.05). In general, growth kinetic parameters indicated that avocado comprises a better substrate than custard apple for the growth of S. enterica. The square root model fitted to the data obtained in this study and to the growth data available in the literature for other tropical low acid fruits indicated high variability in μ and λ of Salmonella. The results obtained in this study show that whole low acid tropical fruits can harbor Salmonella, and that this foodborne pathogen can not only survive but also grow both on the peel and pulp of low acid tropical fruits, such as avocado and custard apple
Subject: Prevalência
Country: Países Baixos
Editor: Elsevier
Rights: Fechado
Identifier DOI: 10.1016/j.ijfoodmicro.2016.06.034
Date Issue: 2016
Appears in Collections:FEA - Artigos e Outros Documentos

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