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Type: Artigo
Title: Acidification treatment of lignin from sugarcane bagasse results infractions of reduced polydispersity and high free-radical scavengingcapacity
Author: Brenelli, Lívia Beatriz
Mandelli, Fernanda
Mercadante, Adriana Zerlotti
Rocha, George Jackson de Moraes
Rocco, Silvana Aparecida
Craievich, Aldo Felix
Gonçalves, Adilson Roberto
Centeno, Danilo da Cruz
Oliveira Neto, Mario de
Squina, Fabio Marcio
Abstract: Lignin constitutes up to one-third of the material found in plant cell walls and is considered the second most abundant natural polymer in the world. Despite unique characteristics of lignin, it is mostly used for low-value commercial applications. In this study, lignin obtained after alkaline treatment of steam-exploded sugarcane bagasse was submitted to an acidification process. The soluble fractions produced at different pH values were comprehensively characterized and in vitro antioxidant capacity against reactive oxygen (ROO and H2O2) and nitrogen (ONOO−) species was evaluated. The soluble fraction obtained at pH 2 exhibited the highest scavenging capacities against all species tested (10.2 ± 0.7 mmol Trolox equivalent g−1 for ROO, IC30 = 14.9 μg mL−1 for H2O2 and IC50 = 2.3 μg mL−1 for ONOO−) and the lowest polydispersity value (1.2) compared to others fractions. According to the SAXS data, the soluble fractions obtained at pH 4 and pH 2 consisted of small nanometer-sized discs and low molecular weight polyphenolic clusters, while soluble fractions obtained at high pH predominated wide lignin nanoparticles and larger aggregates. Mass spectroscopy analysis revealed the presence of phenolic and non-phenolic compounds, well-known as efficient antioxidants, which were identified in all soluble fractions. Collectively, our results provided further demonstration that acidification treatment is a promising strategy to upgrade heterogeneous lignin-enriched stream from sugarcane bagasse, such as preparations with homogeneous compositions and high antioxidant activity
Subject: Lignina
Country: Países Baixos
Editor: Elsevier
Rights: Fechado
Identifier DOI: 10.1016/j.indcrop.2015.12.013
Date Issue: 2016
Appears in Collections:FEA - Artigos e Outros Documentos

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