Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://repositorio.unicamp.br/jspui/handle/REPOSIP/345473
Type: DISSERTAÇÃO DIGITAL
Degree Level: Mestrado
Title: A crise hídrica na agricultura familiar em Piedade/SP
Title Alternative: The water crisis in family farming in Piedade/SP
Author: Palmeira Junior, Raimundo Carvalho, 1981-
Advisor: Souza-Esquerdo, Vanilde Ferreira de, 1973-
Abstract: Resumo: O Estado de São Paulo apresenta um quadro preocupante em relação à capacidade de suporte hídrico, sobretudo nas regiões metropolitanas no entorno da capital. Esta situação ficou mais evidente nos anos de 2014 e 2015, quando ocorreu uma excepcionalidade climática na Região Sudeste do Brasil, que resultou em déficits de chuvas e consequente seca no estado. Na Macrometrópole Paulista, os efeitos da seca foram acentuados pelas condições existentes nos recursos hídricos, resultando em uma crise hídrica sem precedentes. Contudo, a crise hídrica também deu resultados na produção agrícola da mesma região macrometropolitana, tendo consequências no mercado de hortaliças, especialmente de folhosas que é regional, afetando, por exemplo, a safra de alface e repolho. Esse o caso do município de Piedade, localizado na região metropolitana de Sorocaba, e que é importante fornecedor de hortaliças para São Paulo, Campinas e Sorocaba. Nesse município, a agricultura é um dos setores mais importantes da economia, sendo composta em sua maioria por agricultores familiares. Assim, este estudo teve por objetivo analisar a crise hídrica ocorrida nos anos de 2014 e 2015 em Piedade/SP, a sua relação com a agricultura familiar e com a gestão de água na bacia hidrográfica. A hipótese assumida é que a escassez hídrica pode provocar o enfraquecimento da agricultura familiar e da economia em Piedade. Deste modo, para realização da pesquisa, foi adotado o método de estudo de caso com duas linhas de investigação, a pesquisa documental e bibliográfica, e entrevistas semiestruturadas com agricultores e gestores locais. A análise dos dados foi realizada por meio de análise de conteúdo. Os resultados demonstraram que a crise hídrica em de Piedade, , foi resultado da combinação entre fatores climáticos e o aumento do consumo de água, sobretudo, pelo o uso da irrigação na produção agrícola, que foram acentuados pela degradação dos recursos hídricos e pela falta de infraestrutura do sistema público de abastecimento de água. As condições que conduziram à situação de crise hídrica no período foram pouco alteradas, indicando que o risco de crise e de escassez de água permanece, representando uma ameaça à economia local e a manutenção da agricultura familiar

Abstract: The State of São Paulo presents a worrying situation in relation to the water support capacity, especially in the metropolitan regions that are around the capital. This situation got more evident in the years 2014 and 2015, when there was a climatic exceptionality in the Southeast Region of Brazil, which resulted in deficits of rain and consequent drought in the state. In the Paulista Macrometrópole, the effects of drought were accentuated by the existing conditions in water resources, resulting in an unprecedented water crisis. However, the water crisis also had an effect on agricultural production in the macro-metropolitan region, with consequences for the vegetable market, especially for leafy vegetables, which is regional, affecting, for example, the lettuce and cabbage crop. This was the case of the municipality of Piedade, located in the metropolitan region of Sorocaba, and which is an important supplier of vegetables to São Paulo, Campinas and Sorocaba. In this municipality, agriculture is one of the most important sectors of the economy, being mostly composed of family farmers. Thus, this study aimed to analyze the water crisis that occurred in 2014 and 2015 in Piedade / SP, its relationship with family farming and water management in the hydrographic basin. The hypothesis assumed in this paper is that water scarcity can weaken family farming in Piedade. Therefore, to carry out the research, the case study method was adopted with two lines of investigation, the documentary and bibliographic research and semi-structured interviews with farmers and local managers. Data analysis was performed through content analysis. The results showed that the water crisis that occurred in the municipality of Piedade, back in 2014 and 2015, was the result of the combination of climatic factors and the increase in water use, mainly due to the use of irrigation in agricultural production, which were accentuated by the degradation of water resources and the lack of infrastructure for the public water supply system. The conditions that led to the situation of water crisis in the period were little changed, indicating that the risk of water scarcity remains in the municipality, representing a threat to the municipality's economy and the maintenance of family farming.   The State of São Paulo presents a worrying situation in relation to the water support capacity, especially in the metropolitan regions that are around the capital. This situation got more evident in the years 2014 and 2015, when there was a climatic exceptionality in the Southeast Region of Brazil, which resulted in deficits of rain and consequent drought in the state. In the Paulista Macrometrópole, the effects of drought were accentuated by the existing conditions in water resources, resulting in an unprecedented water crisis. However, the water crisis also had an effect on agricultural production in the macro-metropolitan region, with consequences for the vegetable market, especially for leafy vegetables, which is regional, affecting, for example, the lettuce and cabbage crop. This was the case of the municipality of Piedade, located in the metropolitan region of Sorocaba, and which is an important supplier of vegetables to São Paulo, Campinas and Sorocaba. In this municipality, agriculture is one of the most important sectors of the economy, being mostly composed of family farmers. Thus, this study aimed to analyze the water crisis that occurred in 2014 and 2015 in Piedade / SP, its relationship with family farming and water management in the hydrographic basin. The hypothesis assumed in this paper is that water scarcity can weaken family farming in Piedade. Therefore, to carry out the research, the case study method was adopted with two lines of investigation, the documentary and bibliographic research and semi-structured interviews with farmers and local managers. Data analysis was performed through content analysis. The results showed that the water crisis that occurred in the municipality of Piedade, back in 2014 and 2015, was the result of the combination of climatic factors and the increase in water use, mainly due to the use of irrigation in agricultural production, which were accentuated by the degradation of water resources and the lack of infrastructure for the public water supply system. The conditions that led to the situation of water crisis in the period were little changed, indicating that the risk of water scarcity remains in the municipality, representing a threat to the municipality's economy and the maintenance of family farming
Subject: Abastecimento de água
Agricultura familiar
Language: Português
Editor: [s.n.]
Citation: PALMEIRA JUNIOR, Raimundo Carvalho. A crise hídrica na agricultura familiar em Piedade/SP. 2020. 1 recurso online (67 p.) Dissertação (mestrado) - Universidade Estadual de Campinas, Faculdade de Engenharia Agrícola, Campinas, SP.
Date Issue: 2020
Appears in Collections:FEAGRI - Tese e Dissertação

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