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Type: Artigo
Title: Ortho-positronium observation in the Double Chooz experiment
Author: Abe, Y.
dos Anjos, J. C.
Barriere, J. C.
Baussan, E.
Bekman, I.
Bergevin, M.
Bezerra, T. J. C.
Bezrukov, L.
Blucher, E.
Buck, C.
Busenitz, J.
Cabrera, A.
Caden, E.
Camilleri, L.
Carr, R.
Cerrada, M.
Chang, P. J.
Chauveau, E.
Chimenti, P.
Collin, A. P.
Conover, E.
Conrad, J. M.
Crespo-Anadon, J. I.
Crum, K.
Cucoanes, A. S.
Damon, E.
Dawson, J. V.
Dhooghe, J.
Dietrich, D.
Djurcic, Z.
Dracos, M.
Elnimr, M.
Etenko, A.
Fallot, M.
von Feilitzsch, F.
Felde, J.
Fernandes, S. M.
Fischer, V.
Franco, D.
Franke, M.
Furuta, H.
Gil-Botella, I.
Giot, L.
Goger-Neff, M.
Gonzalez, L. F. G.
Goodenough, L.
Goodman, M. C.
Grant, C.
Haag, N.
Hara, T.
Haser, J.
Hofmann, M.
Horton-Smith, G. A.
Hourlier, A.
Ishitsuka, M.
Jochum, J.
Joliet, C.
Kaether, F.
Kalousis, L. N.
Kamyshkov, Y.
Kaplan, D. M.
Kawasaki, T.
Kemp, E.
de Kerret, H.
Kryn, D.
Kuze, M.
Lachenmaier, T.
Lane, C. E.
Lasserre, T.
Letourneau, A.
Lhuillier, D.
Lima, H. P.
Lindner, M.
Loopez-Castano, J. M.
LoSecco, J. M.
Lubsandorzhiev, B.
Lucht, S.
Maeda, J.
Mariani, C.
Maricic, J.
Martino, J.
Matsubara, T.
Mention, G.
Meregaglia, A.
Miletic, T.
Milincic, R.
Minotti, A.
Nagasaka, Y.
Nikitenko, Y.
Novella, P.
Oberauer, L.
Obolensky, M.
Onillon, A.
Osborn, A.
Palomares, C.
Pepe, I. M.
Perasso, S.
Pfahler, P.
Porta, A.
Pronost, G.
Reichenbacher, J.
Reinhold, B.
Rohling, M.
Roncin, R.
Roth, S.
Rybolt, B.
Sakamoto, Y.
Santorelli, R.
Schilithz, A. C.
Schonert, S.
Schoppmann, S.
Shaevitz, M. H.
Sharankova, R.
Shimojima, S.
Shrestha, D.
Sibille, V.
Sinev, V.
Skorokhvatov, M.
Smith, E.
Spitz, J.
Stahl, A.
Stancu, I.
Stokes, L. F. F.
Strait, M.
Stuken, A.
Suekane, F.
Sukhotin, S.
Sumiyoshi, T.
Sun, Y.
Svoboda, R.
Terao, K.
Tonazzo, A.
Thi, H. H. T.
Valdiviesso, G.
Vassilopoulos, N.
Veyssiere, C.
Vivier, M.
Wagner, S.
Walsh, N.
Watanabe, H.
Wiebusch, C.
Winslow, L.
Wurm, M.
Yang, G.
Yermia, F.
Zimmer, V.
Double Chooz, C.
Abstract: The Double Chooz experiment measures the neutrino mixing angle theta(13) by detecting reactor (nu) over bar (e) via inverse beta decay. The positron-neutron space and time coincidence allows for a sizable background rejection, nonetheless liquid scintillator detectors would profit from a positron/electron discrimination, if feasible in large detector, to suppress the remaining background. Standard particle identification, based on particle dependent time profile of photon emission in liquid scintillator, can not be used given the identical mass of the two particles. However, the positron annihilation is sometimes delayed by the orthopositronium (o-Ps) metastable state formation, which induces a pulse shape distortion that could be used for positron identification. In this paper we report on the first observation of positronium formation in a large liquid scintillator detector based on pulse shape analysis of single events. The o-Ps formation fraction and its lifetime were measured, finding the values of 44 +/- 12 % (sys.) +/- 5 % (stat.) and 3.68 ns +/- 0.17 ns (sys.) +/- 0.15 ns (stat.) respectively, in agreement with the results obtained with a dedicated positron annihilation lifetime spectroscopy setup.
Subject: Neutrinos
Country: Itália
Editor: Societa Italiana di Fisica
Rights: aberto
Identifier DOI: 10.1007/JHEP10(2014)032
Date Issue: 2014
Appears in Collections:IFGW - Artigos e Outros Documentos

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