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Type: Artigo
Title: Impact of sterile neutrinos on the early time flux from a galactic supernova
Author: Esmaili, A.
Peres, O. L. G.
Serpico, P. D.
Abstract: We study the impact of the existence of an eV-mass scale sterile neutrino-with parameters in the ballpark of what is required to fit the laboratory anomalies-on the early time profile of the electron neutrino and antineutrino fluxes associated to a core-collapse supernova (SN). In particular, we focus on the universal feature of neutronization burst expected in the first tens of ms of the signal: Provided that a detector with sufficient sensitivity is available, it is well known that in the three-neutrino framework the detection of the neutronization burst in neutrino channel would signal inverted mass hierarchy. This conclusion is dramatically altered in the presence of a sterile neutrino: We study here, both analytically and numerically, the region in parameter space where this characteristic signal disappears, mimicking normal hierarchy expectations. Conversely, the detection of a peak consistent with expectations for inverted mass hierarchy would exclude the existence of a sterile state over a much wider parameter space than what is required by laboratory anomaly fits, or is even probed by detectors coming on-line in the near future. Additionally, we show the peculiar alteration in the energy-time double differential flux, with a delayed peak appearing for kinematical reasons, which might offer a remarkable signature in the case of favorable parameters and for a high statistics detection of a Galactic SN. We also comment on additional potentially interesting effects in the electron antineutrino channel, if more than one angle in the active-sterile sector is nonvanishing. As an ancillary result that we derived in the technical resolution of the equations, in an Appendix we report the Cayley-Hamilton formalism for the evolution of a four-neutrino system in matter, generalizing existing results in the literature.
Subject: Neutrinos
Supernova (Estrela)
Neutrinos de supernova
Supernova neutrino
Country: Estados Unidos
Editor: American Physical Society
Rights: aberto
Identifier DOI: 10.1103/PhysRevD.90.033013
Date Issue: 2014
Appears in Collections:IFGW - Artigos e Outros Documentos

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