Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://repositorio.unicamp.br/jspui/handle/REPOSIP/344624
Type: Artigo
Title: Status and prospects for renewable energy using wood pellets from the southeastern United States
Author: Dale, Virginia H.
Virginia H. Dale
Keith L. Kline
Esther S. Parish
Annette L. Cowie
Robert Emory
Robert W. Malmsheimer
Raphael Slade
Charles Tattersall (Tat) Smith Jr
Thomas Bently (Ben) Wigley
Niclas S. Bentsen
G Or A N B E R N D E S €
Pierre Bernier
Miguel Brand Ao
Helena L. Chum
Rocio Diaz-Chavez
Gustaf Egnell
Leif Gustavsson
J Or G € Schweinle
Inge Stupak
Paul Trianosky
Arnaldo Walter
Carly Whittaker
Mark Brown
George Chescheir
Ioannis Dimitriou
Caspar Donnison
Alison Goss Eng
Kevin P. Hoyt
Jennifer C. Jenkins
Kristen Johnson
Charles A. Levesque
Victoria Lockhart
Maria Cristina Negri
Jami E. Nettles And Mar Ia Well I S Ch
Abstract: The ongoing debate about costs and benefits of wood‐pellet based bioenergy production in the southeastern United States (SE USA ) requires an understanding of the science and context influencing market decisions associated with its sustainability. Production of pellets has garnered much attention as US exports have grown from negligible amounts in the early 2000s to 4.6 million metric tonnes in 2015. Currently, 98% of these pellet exports are shipped to Europe to displace coal in power plants. We ask, ‘How is the production of wood pellets in the SE USA affecting forest systems and the ecosystem services they provide?’ To address this question, we review current forest conditions and the status of the wood products industry, how pellet production affects ecosystem services and biodiversity, and what methods are in place to monitor changes and protect vulnerable systems. Scientific studies provide evidence that wood pellets in the SE USA are a fraction of total forestry operations and can be produced while maintaining or improving forest ecosystem services. Ecosystem services are protected by the requirement to utilize loggers trained to apply scientifically based best management practices in planning and implementing harvest for the export market. Bioenergy markets supplement incomes to private rural landholders and provide an incentive for forest management practices that simultaneously benefit water quality and wildlife and reduce risk of fire and insect outbreaks. Bioenergy also increases the value of forest land to landowners, thereby decreasing likelihood of conversion to nonforest uses. Monitoring and evaluation are essential to verify that regulations and good practices are achieving goals and to enable timely responses if problems arise. Conducting rigorous research to understand how conditions change in response to management choices requires baseline data, monitoring, and appropriate reference scenarios. Long‐term monitoring data on forest conditions should be publicly accessible and utilized to inform adaptive management
Subject: Carbono
Biodiversidade
Sustentabilidade
Biocombustíveis
Country: Reino Unido
Editor: Wiley
Rights: Aberto
Identifier DOI: 10.1111/gcbb.12445
Address: https://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/full/10.1111/gcbb.12445
Date Issue: 2017
Appears in Collections:FEM - Artigos e Outros Documentos

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