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Type: Artigo
Title: Characterization of brazilian lager and brown ale beers based on color, phenolic compounds, and antioxidant activity using chemometrics
Author: Granato, Daniel
Branco, Gabriel Favalli
Faria, Jose de Assis Fonseca
Cruz, Adriano Gomes
Abstract: Epidemiological studies have shown that beer has positive effects on inhibiting atherosclerosis, decreasing the content of serum low‐density lipoprotein cholesterol and triglycerides, by acting as in vivo free radical scavenger. In this research, the antioxidant activity of commercial Brazilian beers (n = 29) was determined by the oxygen radical absorbance capacity (ORAC) and 1,1‐diphenyl‐2‐picrylhydrazyl (DPPH·) assays and results were analyzed by chemometrics. RESULTS: The brown ale samples (n = 11) presented higher (P < 0.05) flavonoids (124.01 mg L−1), total phenolics (362.22 mg L−1), non‐flavonoid phenolics (238.21 mg L−1), lightness (69.48), redness (35.75), yellowness (55.71), color intensity (66.86), hue angle (59.14), color saturation (0.9620), DPPH· values (30.96% inhibition), and ORAC values (3, 659.36 µmol Trolox equivalents L−1), compared to lager samples (n = 18). Brown ale beers presented higher antioxidant properties (P < 0.05) measured by ORAC (1.93 times higher) and DPPH (1.65 times higher) compared to lager beer. ORAC values correlated well with the content of flavonoids (r = 0.47; P = 0.01), total phenolic compounds (r = 0.44; P < 0.01) and DPPH (r = 0.67; P < 0.01). DPPH values also correlated well to the content of flavonoids (r = 0.69; P < 0.01), total phenolic compounds (r = 0.60; P < 0.01), and non‐flavonoid compounds (r = 0.46; P = 0.01). CONCLUSION The results suggest that brown ale beers, and less significantly lager beers, could be sources of bioactive compounds with suitable free radical scavenging properties
Subject: Cerveja
Country: Reino Unido
Editor: John Wiley & Sons
Rights: Fechado
Identifier DOI: 10.1002/jsfa.4222
Date Issue: 2011
Appears in Collections:FEA - Artigos e Outros Documentos

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