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Type: Artigo
Title: An evaluation, using the comet assay and the micronucleus test, of the antigenotoxic effects of chlorophyll b in mice
Author: Serpeloni, Juliana Mara
Grotto, Denise
Aissa, Alexandre Ferro
Mercadante, Adriana Zerlotti
Bianchi, Maria De Lourdes Pires
Antunes, Lusania Maria Greggi
Abstract: We investigated the effects of the dietary pigment chlorophyll b (CLb) on cisplatin (cDDP)-induced oxidative stress and DNA damage, using the comet assay in mouse peripheral blood cells and the micronucleus (MN) test in bone marrow and peripheral blood cells. We also tested for thiobarbituric acid reactive substances (TBARS) and reduced glutathione (GSH) in liver and kidney tissues, as well as catalase (CAT) activity and GSH in total blood. CLb (0.2 and 0.5 mg/kg b.w.) was administrated by gavage every day for 13 days. On the 14th day of the experiment, 6 mg/kg cDDP or saline was delivered intraperitoneally. Treatment with cDDP led to a significant decrease in DNA migration and an increase in MN frequency in both cell types, bone marrow and peripheral blood cells. In the kidneys of mice treated with cDDP, TBARS levels were increased, whereas GSH levels were depleted in kidney and liver. In mice that were pre-treated with CLb and then treated with cDDP, TBARS levels maintained normal concentrations and GSH did not differ from cDDP group. The improvement of oxidative stress biomarkers after CLb pre-treatment was associated with a decrease in DNA damage, mainly for the highest dose evaluated. Furthermore, CLb also slightly reduced the frequency of chromosomal breakage and micronucleus formation in mouse bone marrow and peripheral blood cells. These results show that pre-treatment with CLb attenuates cDDP-induced oxidative stress, chromosome instability, and lipid peroxidation
Subject: Antioxidantes
Country: Holanda
Editor: Elsevier
Rights: Fechado
Identifier DOI: 10.1016/j.mrgentox.2011.06.009
Date Issue: 2011
Appears in Collections:FEA - Artigos e Outros Documentos

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