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|Title:||Thrombotic microangiopathy following Bothrops jararaca snakebite: case report|
Pimenta, Maira M. Branco
Borrasca-Fernandes, Carla F.
Prado, Camila Carbone
Capitani, Eduardo Mello De
|Abstract:||Thrombotic microangiopathy (TMA) is an uncommon and severe complication of snakebites, and is similar, in general, to hemolytic-uremic syndrome (HUS). We describe a case of TMA following envenomation by Bothrops jararaca. Case details: A 56-y-old-woman with controlled hypertension was transferred from a primary hospital to our ER similar to 7 h after being bitten by B. jararaca in the distal left leg. She developed edema extending from the bite site to the proximal thigh, associated with intense radiating local pain, local paresthesia and ecchymosis at the bite site. Laboratory features upon admission revealed coagulopathy (20 min whole blood clotting time - WBCT20 > 20 min), thrombocytopenia (76,000 platelets/mm(3)) and slight increase in serum creatinine (1.58 mg/dL; RV < 1.2 mg/dL). Upon admission, the patient was treated with bothropic antivenom and fluids replacement. During evolution, her thrombocytopenia and anemia worsened, with blood films showing fragmented red cells, haptoglobin consumption, increase in serum lactate dehydrogenase, and progressive increase of serum creatinine (KDIGO stage = 3). No RBC transfusion, renal replacement therapy or plasmapheresis was done. The patient showed progressive improvement from day nine (D9) onwards and was discharged on D20; there was complete recovery of hemoglobin levels at follow-up (D50). ADAMTS-13 activity, assayed 10 months post-bite, was within reference values. Discussion: TMA following snakebite has been reported mainly in India, Sri Lanka and Australia, with several patients needing renal replacement therapy. Although controversial, plasmapheresis has also been used in some cases. Our patient developed microangiopathic hemolytic anemia, thrombocytopenia and acute kidney injury, a triad of features compatible with TMA similar to HUS. Despite the severity, the outcome following conservative treatment was good, with complete recovery|
|Editor:||Taylor & Francis|
|Appears in Collections:||FCM - Artigos e Outros Documentos|
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