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Type: Artigo
Title: A new heparan sulfate from the mollusk nodipecten nodosus inhibits merozoite invasion and disrupts rosetting and cytoadherence of plasmodium falciparum
Author: Bastos, M.F.
Albrecht, L.
Gomes, A.M.
Lopes, S.C.P.
Vicente, C.P.
de Almeida, R.P.M.
Cassiano, G.C.
Fonseca, R.J.C.
Werneck, C.C.
Pavão, M.S.G.
Costa, F.T.M.
Abstract: Despite treatment with effective antimalarial drugs, the mortality rate is still high in severe cases of the disease, highlighting the need to find adjunct therapies that can inhibit the adhesion of Pf-iEs. In this context, we evaluated a new heparan sulfate (HS) from Nodipecten nodosus for antimalarial activity and inhibition of P. falciparum cytoadhesion and rosetting. Parasite inhibition was measured by SYBR green using a cytometer. HS was assessed in rosetting and cytoadhesion assays under static and flow conditions using CHO and HLEC cells expressing ICAM1 and CSA, respectively. This HS inhibited merozoite invasion similar to heparin. Moreover, mollusk HS decreased cytoadherence of P. falciparum to CSA (chondroitin sulfate A) and ICAM-1 (intercellular adhesion molecule-1) on the surface of endothelial cells under static and flow conditions. In addition, this glycan efficiently disrupted rosettes. These findings support a potential use for mollusk HS as adjunct therapy for severe malaria
Subject: Glicosaminoglicanos
Country: Brasil
Rights: Aberto
Identifier DOI: 10.1590/0074-02760190088
Date Issue: 2019
Appears in Collections:IB - Artigos e Outros Documentos

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