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Type: Artigo de periódico
Title: Comparison of similarity coefficients used for cluster analysis with dominant markers in maize (Zea mays L)
Author: Meyer, Andréia da Silva
Garcia, Antonio Augusto Franco
Souza, Anete Pereira de
Souza Jr., Cláudio Lopes de
Abstract: The objective of this study was to evaluate whether different similarity coefficients used with dominant markers can influence the results of cluster analysis, using eighteen inbred lines of maize from two different populations, BR-105 and BR-106. These were analyzed by AFLP and RAPD markers and eight similarity coefficients were calculated: Jaccard, Sorensen-Dice, Anderberg, Ochiai, Simple-matching, Rogers and Tanimoto, Ochiai II and Russel and Rao. The similarity matrices obtained were compared by the Spearman correlation, cluster analysis with dendrograms (UPGMA, WPGMA, Single Linkage, Complete Linkage and Neighbour-Joining methods), the consensus fork index between all pairs of dendrograms, groups obtained through the Tocher optimization procedure and projection efficiency in a two-dimensional space. The results showed that for almost all methodologies and marker systems, the Jaccard, Sorensen-Dice, Anderberg and Ochiai coefficient showed close results, due to the fact that all of them exclude negative co-occurrences. Significant alterations in the results for the Simple Matching, Rogers and Tanimoto, and Ochiai II coefficients were not observed either, probably due to the fact that they all include negative co-occurrences. The Russel and Rao coefficient presented very different results from the others in almost all the cases studied and should not be used, because it excludes the negative co-occurrences in the numerator and includes them in the denominator of their expression. Due to the fact that the negative co-occurrences do not necessarily mean that the regions of the DNA are identical, the use of coefficients that do not include negative co-occurrences was suggested.
Subject: genetic divergence
heterotic groups
multivariate analysis
Editor: Sociedade Brasileira de Genética
Rights: aberto
Identifier DOI: 10.1590/S1415-47572004000100014
Date Issue: 1-Jan-2004
Appears in Collections:Artigos e Materiais de Revistas Científicas - Unicamp

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