Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://repositorio.unicamp.br/jspui/handle/REPOSIP/342875
Type: Artigo
Title: Social inequality, human development and fertility pattern in Brazil, 2000-2010
Author: Carreira, Gabrielle Braga
Dutra, Viviane Gomes Parreira
Silva, José Henrique Costa Monteiro da
Guimarães, Raphael Mendonça
Abstract: To analyze the fertility pattern in Brazil and its relationship with human development in the Brazilian federation units in 2000 and 2010. Methods: this is an ecological study whose unit of analysis was the Brazilian Federative Units in the period of 2000 and 2010. The fertility was assessed considering the social (HDI), inequality, (Gini, Theil and Income Ratio) and fertility indicators (fertility rate and mean age of fertility). Results: Brazil has been experiencing a rapid fertility transition. The pattern of fertility curves changed in all Federative Units between 2000 and 2010, with a reduction in cusp size and postponement of fecundity. This change was more evident among the Federative Units with better development and lower inequality. The correlation between social and fertility indicators lost strength in the period, corroborating the transition hypothesis. Conclusions: there is a direct relation between the fecundity and inequality indicators, and inversing human development. Changes should be taken in consideration in the age structure of the population, as well as inequality indicators, for better planning in public policies for public health
Subject: Fertilidade
Country: Brasil
Editor: Instituto Materno Infantil de Pernambuco
Rights: Aberto
Identifier DOI: 10.1590/1806-93042019000100012
Address: https://www.scielo.br/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S1519-38292019000100217
Date Issue: 2019
Appears in Collections:Nepo - Artigos e Outros Documentos

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