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Type: Artigo
Title: The sedimentary record of wet and dry eolian systems in the Cretaceous of Southeast Brazil: stratigraphic and paleogeographic signifcance
Author: Mescolotti, P.C.
Varejão, F.G.
Warren, L.V.
Ladeira, F.S.B.
Giannini, P.C.F.
Assine, M.L.
Abstract: Sedimentologic and stratigraphic studies of paleo-deserts from the Brazilian Cretaceous are of great potential to understand the paleoclimate and paleogeography of Gondwana during its fnal rifing stage. Herein, we describe and discuss two depositional units characterized by two distinct eolian systems that are bounded by a long-lived unconformity. Te Lower Unit (Barremian/Aptian) encompasses a wet eolian system composed of dune, interdunes, and ephemeral alluvial deposits. A continuous paleosol horizon in the upper part of the Lower Unit records dune stabilization and end of eolian accumulation, in a period of climate amelioration possibly in the late Aptian. Te stratigraphic gap proposed for the unconformity (Cenomanian to Coniacian) coincides with the Cretaceous Termal Maximum. Te Upper Unit (Santonian?/Campanian) comprises dune felds of a dry eolian system capped by the Mata da Corda volcanic rocks. Cross stratifcation dip directions from both eolian systems shows transport towards SSW. Paleo-winds coming from the northeast quadrant reveal that the continental breakup and drifing had litle in?uence on the surface winds in this Gondwana sector. Te Upper Cretaceous paleo-winds are coherent with global paleo-circulation models, based on a high-pressure cell over the South Atlantic proto-ocean, favoring desertifcation in the inner portion of the southwestern Gondwana.
Subject: Energia eólica - Brasil
Country: Brasil
Editor: Sociedade Brasileira de Geologia
Rights: Aberto
Identifier DOI: 10.1590/2317-4889201920190057
Date Issue: 2019
Appears in Collections:IG - Artigos e Outros Documentos

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