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Type: Artigo
Title: Association between social conditions and oral health in school failure
Author: Cunha, Inara Pereira da
Pereira, Antonio Carlos
Meneghim, Marcelo de Castro
Frias, Antônio Carlos
Mialhe, Fábio Luiz
Abstract: To evaluate the association of school failure among Brazilian adolescents with social conditions and aspects of oral health through hierarchical analysis. A state-wide survey of 5,558 adolescents from the state of São Paulo, Brazil, inquired about the sociodemographic and social capital of participants by using a structured questionnaire. Trained and calibrated professionals performed intraoral examinations and interviews in the households. Questions about the access to dentist, reason for and frequency of using dental services, toothache episodes and impact of oral conditions on daily activities (OIDP) were applied. Oral examinations evaluated caries experience, tooth losses, periodontal problems, presence of open bite, and maxillary and mandibular overjet. School failure was estimated according to the teenagers’ years of schooling. The independent variables were grouped into three blocks: sociodemographic and economic characteristics, social capital and oral health aspects. The multiple hierarchical logistic regression model was used to identify the factors associated with school failure. Of the total sample, information about schooling of 5,162 adolescents was obtained, of whom 29.6% presented school failure. We found that adolescents over the age of 16 years who did not declare themselves as white, female, with feelings of insecurity, unhappiness, with toothache, caries, tooth losses, affected by dentofacial and/or periodontal changes, were more likely to fail at school. Oral disorders and social factors were associated with school failure in adolescents. A successful school trajectory was a strong determinant of health, therefore actions between the educational and health sectors must be developed for adolescents, especially those with this profile
metadata.dc.description.abstractalternative: ; adolescent; adult; Brazil; ; dental caries; dental disease assessment; education; ; female; health; human; male; periodontal disease; questionnaire; risk factor; socioeconomics; young adult; ; Adolescent; Adult; Brazil; Cross-Sectional Studies; Dental Caries; Dental Health Surveys; Educational Measurement; Female; Humans; Male; Oral Health; Risk Factors; Socioeconomic Factors; Surveys and Questionnaires; Tooth Loss; Young Adult
Subject: Fatores de risco
Saúde bucal
Fatores socioeconômicos
Country: Brasil
Editor: USP/Faculdade de Saúde Pública
Rights: Aberto
Identifier DOI: 10.11606/S1518-8787.2019053001457
Date Issue: 2019
Appears in Collections:FOP - Artigos e Outros Documentos

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